Conservation and Management Measures (CMMs) describe binding decisions agreed by the members (including all 14 of the Small Island Developing States, or SIDS) and cooperating non-members of the Western & Central Pacific Fisheries Commission at their annual meetings. The latest updates to CMMs are maintained by WCPFC.
CMMs direct SIDS’ policies and rules aimed at sustaining their fish stocks.
Compliance includes monitoring, control and surveillance.
To fish in the Convention Area, operators must mark vessels with unobscured identification of their International Telecommunication Union Radio Call Signs (IRCS) or WCPFC Identification Number (WIN) on the port and starboard hulls and deck.
There is an International Plan of Action to prevent and eliminate illegal, unreported, underreported and unregulated fishing (IUU). IUU fishing undermines the effectiveness of conservation and management measures.
The Commission will document vessels which have engaged in this type of fishing (IUU Vessel List), and let the flag countries know.
The countries must then monitor those vessels and their fishing activities, and report back. If IUU is substantiated, countries must tell the owner of the vessel and act to eliminate the IUU.
A wide range of conservation and management measures help the Convention meet its objectives.
Commission members must ensure their nationals and vessels comply with the Convention.
The WCPFC Compliance Monitoring Scheme (CMS) is to make sure members, cooperating non-members and participating territories implement and comply with the Convention and its conservation and management measures.
The Commission, through the scheme:
identifies countries’ need for help
identifies measures which may need to change
responds to non-compliance, and monitors and resolves those instances.
The Commission evaluates compliance regarding catch and effort limits and reporting on target species, reporting on non-target species, fishery closures, fishing authorisations, FADS and provision of data.
Countries will prepare an annual report, Compliance Monitoring Reports and Capacity Development plan. The Commission evaluates the reports and will work with the countries to meet their obligations and responsibilities.
Establish processes and procedures to undertake port inspections on fishing vessels suspected of engaging in Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing (IUU) or activities supporting IUU.
Apply consistently with international law, taking into account international rules and standards.
Notify the WCPFC Executive Director which ports are designated for inspections – a record of designated ports will be published on the WCPFC website .
Government authorised inspectors will undertake fisheries inspections.
Inspect all foreign longline, purse seine and carrier vessels which enter a designated port but are not on the WCPFC Record of Fishing vessels, and all IUUs.
Inspections can be requested if a vessel is suspected of IUU activities and will be carried out by the port if resources and capacity are available. If the inspection does not go ahead, a request can be made to the next designated port the vessel will enter.
Inspection reports will be provided to the requesting country, the flag country, the Executive Director, the vessel master.
Illegal fishing is an urgent issue in the Eastern High Seas Pocket (the ‘E-HSP’), the area of high seas bounded by the Exclusive Economic Zones of the Cook Islands to the west, French Polynesia to the east and Kiribati to the north.
In the E-HSP:
any vessel sightings should be reported
nearby coastal states/territories and the Secretariat will receive continuous near real-time VMS data of all fishing vessels